Herni Dwi HerawatiAlma Ata University, Indonesia
Title: No correlation of picky eating with nutritional status and health among preschool children in Indonesia
Background: Indonesia's underweight and wasting are the most common nutritional problems experienced by children under five years of age. One of the contributing factors is picky eating where the child lacks adequate food intake that affects nutritional status and health. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of picky eating with nutritional status and health among preschool children in Indonesia.
Methods: This study used a cross sectional design. The sample is parents who have preschool children aged 3-6 years with a total of 344 people spread throughout Indonesia. The questionnaire was distributed online through telecommunication applications and social media. Data collected included: socio-demographics, eating behavior, weight, height and history of infectious diseases. Data were analyzed using chi-square test.
Results: Preschool children who were picky eaters were 52.6%, 93.6% had good nutritional status, and 9.9% had infectious diseases. There was no association between picky eating with nutritional status (BMI for age) and infectious diseases (p=0.851, 0.296).
Conclusion: There is no association between picky eating and nutritional and health status among preschool children. However, it is still important to inform parents and preschoolers about healthy eating behavior, as well as monitoring nutritional status regularly.
Herni Dwi Herawati, S.Gz., M.P.H is a lecturer in Nutrition Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University. Her research related to preschool children nutrition has been conducted for approximately 8 years including diet, eating behavior, nutritional status, school based nutrition intervention for preschool children. The results of this research have resulted in journals, books, booklets and learning modules related to preschool child nutrition.