Andrea Jumbo GuayasaminCentral University of Ecuador, Ecuador
Title: Cardiometabolic rate in overweight and obese pediatric patients
Childhood obesity has become a public health problem as it increases the risk of chronic noncommunicable diseases in children. In adults, cardiometabolic rate (CMI) is a component that takes into account the relationship between waist circumference (WC), height (T), triglyceride level (T), and HDL cholesterol, which is a powerful long-term predictor of diabetes and hypertension. Because there are few studies in children measuring this index, this study was established. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in overweight and obese (O&O) children aged 6 to 14 years, treated in 2019 at the Enrique Garcés General Hospital in Quito-Ecuador. MCI = ((CC/T) / (TG/HDL-c)) was obtained and associated with the variables studied: sex and glucose. A descriptive analysis is performed, and the MCI is analyzed by quartiles using the Analysis of Variance. In the Results we found that of 250 children who entered the study. A higher frequency of O&O was evidenced in patients between 6 and 9 years old, 139/250 (55.6%), and in men, 132/250 (52.8%). There were no statistical differences in anthropometric or biochemical studies between boys and girls. The MCI, the most frequent quartile, was between Q2 to Q3 (0.16-0.21) with 34.8% (n= 87), the Quartile Greater of Q3 and Lower than Q1, which registered 19.6% (n= 49) respectively. There was no association between diabetes and MCI.
Andrea Jumbo Guayasamin graduated as a general practitioner from the Central University of Ecuador in 2014, and in turn obtained the title of medical specialist in pediatrics at the Catholic University of Ecuador, at the age of 32, in 2021. To obtain the title of specialist she researched and wrote the thesis on the cardiometabolic index in overweight and obese children, which later became a medical article and was published in the Journal of the Ecuadorian Society of Pediatrics. She currently works as a Pediatrician at the Nova Clínica del Valle private clinic in Sangolquí-Ecuador.