In the last 20 years, medical and surgical care for the mother, fetus, and newborn has advanced significantly. The development of diagnostic and treatment techniques has been major reason for the improvement in results. These developments have only been made possible because of substantial advances in our understanding of the physiological mechanisms that control the normal development of organ systems, as well as the changes that can result in disease states and their numerous side effects. The aim is to explore those topics that have been more creative, controversial, or essential to the development of maternal, neonatal care and fetal.

·        Congenital Malformations and Birth Complications
·        Neonatal resuscitation
·        Neonatal Syndromes
·        Neonatal Hypoglycemia
·        Neonatal Meningitis
Pediatric otolaryngology-head and neck basic scientific research has been started during the past 10 years as a result of the need for clinical accuracy and personalized diagnosis and treatment. The aim is to provide an overview of the state of the field of pediatric otolaryngology-head and neck science as well as its shortcomings.

·        Pediatric Ophthalmology
·        Sinus Disease
·        Delayed Speech
·        Dyslalia
·        Hearing Aids
The division conducts clinical research on a variety of subjects, such as atopic dermatitis and its link to inattention and sleep disturbance, stigma, anxiety, and social functioning in the context of pediatric skin diseases, newer patient-reported outcomes tools for itch and stigma, and research on infantile hemangiomas.

·        Pediatric Obesity and Skin Disease
·        Dermatologic Pathology
·        Dermatological Manifestations in Children
·        Pediatric Burns
Pediatric dentistry has developed continuously. The use of diagnostic and imaging technologies to identify dental caries early is of great interest. Painless injection methods and systems are more recent innovations in pediatric care that have an impact on behavior management. Another area that has to be explored is the identification of populations that are more vulnerable to oral diseases. It is important to conduct research on adolescents in particular because they are a demographic that has historically received less attention and face unique problems. Adolescents are particularly impacted by concerns including substance abuse, anxiety-related problems, and tooth erosion.

·        Dental Caries
·        Dental Health and Diet
·        Dental Injuries and Traumas
·        Dental Treatment
·        Dentistry for Children
In pediatric age, respiratory conditions are the most frequent cause of morbidity. In order to manage a wide range of illnesses, including acute and chronic respiratory disorders in children and adolescents, pediatricians must constantly improve their knowledge, abilities, and experience. We intended to highlight the most recent findings in pediatric pulmonology because there is an urgent need to keep up with the research.

·        Aortic Stenosis
·        Arrhythmias
·        Atrial Septic Defect
·        Cardiac Failure
·        Cardiomyopathy
Parents' preferences about child nutrition and feeding have a short- and long-term impact on the babies' ensuing growth and development. With wise nutritional decisions, including nursing, infectious disease and chronic digestive disease can be reduced. Infants who are breastfed are healthier overall, therefore choices regarding pediatric nutrition are crucial to take into consideration.

·        Pediatric Obesity and Metabolism
·        Nutrition and Breastfeeding
·        An approach Short Stature
·        Childhood Cancers Diet
·        Childhood Nutrition
Research discoveries and development of pediatric digestive disease treatments have a long history in the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. In pediatric liver illness, investigators analyze the underlying causes, novel therapeutic approaches, genetic variations, and metabolic disorders. For kids with cholestasis, inflammatory, and viral liver illnesses, diagnostic tests have been developed, and clinical trials are still being conducted. Researchers are looking for novel biomarkers to help determine the best dose of immunosuppression for transplanted patients and creating clinical guidelines to enhance long-term outcomes and quality of life for children who require liver or intestine transplants.

·        Trends To Shape the Future of Gastroenterology
·        Pediatric Gastrointestinal Problems
·        Pediatric Gastric Oncology
·        Pediatric Parental Nutrition
In order to better understand renal and other nephrology issues in children and adolescents and to create novel tactics for the prevention and treatment of renal disease and injury, the Pediatric Nephrology team focuses on a wide range of research initiatives. The aim is to follow the development of renal disease and the implications it has on children's growth, cardiovascular health, and mental growth.

·        Antenatal Diagnosis and Management of Renal Problems
·        Chronic Glomerulonephritis
·        Hematuria
·        Hydronephrosis
·        Kidney Dialysis
Over the last decade, the landscape of pediatric endocrinology has shifted dramatically. Advances in genetics have prompted a surge of molecular research in pediatric endocrinology, leading to a greater knowledge of hereditary causes and the molecular basis of endocrine problems, which has led to the identification of molecular targets for treatment. Together with a focus on rare disorders, this has resulted in the development of new medicines for particular endocrine conditions.

·        Genetic disorders in Children
·        Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
·        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
·        Cushing's Syndrome
·        Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Pediatric Orthopedics plays an important role in the treatment of cerebral palsy in children. Working with pediatric neurologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other specialists to build a complete treatment plan that includes all areas of the child's care may be part of this process. Pediatric orthopedic experts can help children with cerebral palsy enhance their mobility, reduce pain, and improve their overall quality of life through surgical procedures, orthotics, prosthetics, physical therapy, and a team-based approach.

·        Elbow Region Fractures
·        Erb's Palsy
·        Limb Length Inequality
·        Pectus Carinatum
·        Pectus Excavatum
Advances in diagnostic technologies and surgical treatments throughout the formative years have allowed many pediatric diseases to be properly addressed from fetus to childhood. Understanding and management of pediatric surgical disorders have advanced dramatically as a result of technical advances in medicine and improved knowledge and information in the field. Such changes have helped surgical practices in a variety of ways, and they are projected to continue to do so in the near future; therefore, additional research is required.

·        Thoracic surgery
·        Upper and Lower GIT
·        Hepatobiliary surgery
·        Trauma and Musculoskeletal trauma
Ongoing developments in pediatric oncology continue to improve our approach to the detection and treatment of children's tumors, resulting in overall great cure rates. Furthermore, given our increasing ability to identify children with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes, another significant advance in the field is the development of a systematic approach to evaluating children for a cancer predisposition syndrome in order to increase their survival rates and reduce treatment-related morbidity.

·        Soft Tissue Sarcomas 
·        Rare Tumours and Histiocytosis
·        Hodgkin's Lymphoma
·        Leukemia (Blood Cancer)
·        Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Division has prioritized research since it was established in 1974. Pediatric Infectious Diseases conducts considerable basic science and clinical research on diseases in the immune-compromised host, which is an unstudied area in pediatrics. The division's study strengths include: viral and bacterial microbial pathogenesis; emerging infectious diseases; antiviral and monoclonal antibody development and testing; human immunology; vaccine design, surveillance, and clinical trials; antimicrobial surveillance and stewardship; implementation science; and global health.

·        Pediatric Hepatitis
·        Host/pathogens interactions
·        HIV infection
·        Infections in the Neonate
·        Infections in the immunocompromised host
Many psychological disorders have their origins in childhood. Diagnosis and treatment of sick children and adolescents are critical for the quality of their future lives. The aim of preventing mental disorders requires the identification of complex causes as well as the creation of earlier and more effective interventions. These goals have repercussions for overall mental health. Our current research approaches and methods range from genomic analysis to neuroimaging, behavioral intervention testing, and clinical medicine trials.

·        Pediatric Neurology
·        Developmental Psychology
·        Child and adolescent psychiatry
·        Psychiatric disorders
·        Pediatric health
Pediatric pharmacology research has evolved substantially in the previous ten years. Activities that are both officially and privately financed are expanding. A number of pharmacokinetics studies and multi-site controlled efficacy trials have been conducted, providing for more informed and evidence-based treatment of children and adolescents. Ethical considerations are crucial in clinical trials, as well as pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism studies in children.

·        Pediatric Vaccinology
·        Pediatric Toxicology
·        Immunological Potency, Efficacy, and Tolerance
·        Vaccine Immunopharmacology
Pediatric nurses play a crucial role in promoting the health and well-being of young patients, providing a wide range of healthcare services, and supporting their families. Pediatric nursing is an evolving field, and ongoing education is crucial to stay updated with advances in healthcare. Pediatric nurses may pursue advanced certifications, attend conferences, and participate in professional organizations to enhance their knowledge and skills. Pediatric healthcare and nursing play a vital role in ensuring the well-being and optimal health of children. The compassionate care provided by pediatric nurses contributes to positive health outcomes and supports families throughout their healthcare journey.

·        Critical Care Nursing
·        Assessment of Pediatric Pain
·        Pediatric Palliative Care
·        Abdominal Trauma
·        Neonatal Nursing
There is a growing emphasis on improving pain management strategies in pediatric emergency departments. This includes the use of non-pharmacological interventions, such as distraction techniques, as well as advancements in pharmacological approaches tailored to different age groups. Pediatric emergency departments are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing mental health concerns in children and adolescents. Pediatric emergency medicine and critical care are fields that continue to evolve through research and evidence-based practice. Ongoing studies focus on optimizing resuscitation protocols, improving outcomes in specific conditions, and refining strategies for pediatric trauma management.

·        NICU and PICU
·        Pediatric Anesthesia
·        Metabolic
·        Respiratory failure
·        Seizure
The exchange of health information between different healthcare systems and providers has been a significant challenge. Interoperability initiatives and the implementation of health information exchange platforms aim to overcome these barriers. Seamless sharing of patient data among healthcare providers can improve care coordination, reduce medical errors, and enhance patient safety. Midwives play a crucial role in prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal care, promoting a natural and woman-centered approach. Midwifery-led care is associated with positive outcomes such as lower rates of interventions and increased satisfaction among birthing individuals.

·        Healthcare, Services and Technologies
·        Women’s Health
·        Maternal and Child Health
·        Women Oncology
·        Breast Diseases
Pediatric wound care is a specialized area within pediatrics that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of wounds in children. This field encompasses a wide variety of wounds, from minor cuts and abrasions to more complex wounds like burns, chronic ulcers, and surgical wounds. Given the unique physiological characteristics and healing processes of children, pediatric wound care requires specific knowledge and approaches that differ from those used in adult wound care

Acute Wound Care
Wound Care in Pediatric Surgery
Burn Care
Post-surgical wounds in Pediatrics

Perinatology, also known as maternal-fetal medicine (MFM), is a subspecialty of obstetrics that focuses on the management of high-risk pregnancies and the health of the fetus and the mother. It encompasses a range of complex issues, from preconception care to postpartum follow-up. Specialists in this field, known as perinatologists or maternal-fetal medicine specialists, are equipped to handle various complications that can arise during pregnancy

Fetal Medicine
Maternal Medicine
Obstetric Critical Care
Perinatal Epidemiology
Prenatal Genetics

Pediatric anesthesia is a highly specialized field within anesthesiology that focuses on the administration of anesthesia and management of pain in infants, children, and adolescents. This field requires a deep understanding of the unique physiological, anatomical, and psychological needs of children, as well as specialized techniques and equipment to ensure their safety and comfort during medical procedures

Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia
Pediatric Sedation
Perioperative Anesthesia
Neonatal Anesthesia

Research focuses on developing new vaccines, improving vaccine effectiveness and safety, and optimizing vaccine schedules. The use of technology, telemedicine, and digital health tools has gained prominence in pediatric preventive medicine and community health. Research explores innovative ways to utilize technology to improve healthcare delivery, enhance communication between healthcare providers and families, and promote preventive care. Ongoing efforts aim to expand immunization programs, increase vaccine coverage, and address vaccine hesitancy. 

·        Community Health Benefits
·        Community Health Behavioral
·        Community Health Care
·        Community Health Dentist
·        Anxiety Disorders
With the advent of next-generation sequencing technologies, genetic testing and genomics have become integral parts of pediatric clinical case studies. Identifying genetic mutations and understanding their impact on disease development and treatment response has improved diagnostic accuracy and personalized treatment plans. Pediatric case studies are increasingly focusing on mental health and well-being, including the identification and management of mental health disorders, prevention of suicide and self-harm, and promoting of resilience in children and adolescents.

·        Case reports on Pediatrics and Healthcare 
·        Reports on Pediatrics and Healthcare  
·        Current research on Pediatrics and Healthcare
·        Surgical reports on Pediatrics and Healthcare
·        COVID 19 Cases